Cristobal Young

Stanford_logoCristobal Young Assistant Professor of Sociology
Stanford University


Economic Sociology, Public Policy, Statistical Methodology

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Millionaire Migration:

What are the social consequences of taxation? Do millionaires migrate when tax rates are raised?

Millionaire Migration and State Taxation of Top Incomes: Evidence from a Natural Experiment. National Tax Journal. June, 2011. (with Charles Varner) (Won Dentler Award from the ASA section on Public Sociology.)

Press coverage: this was reported in the Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and plugged in the New York Times; the Trenton Times (NJ) and the Trentonian (NJ) ran editorials on the study, there was a front page story in the Star-Ledger (NJ), and also covered in the San Jose Mercury News, the Sacramento Bee, and the Washington Post here and here. The Philadelphia Inquirer included NJ Governor Chris Christie’s response: “when you’re dealing with professors, certain things that are theoretical are interesting, but guys like me… have to deal with what’s real.”

Millionaire Migration in California: The Impact of Top Tax Rates. Working Paper (with Charles Varner).

This paper was covered in a front page story in the New York Times, and in a NY Times business page story. Los Angeles Times ran a business-page column on the study, and the Orange County Register ran a (critical) editorial on it; Rueters, CNBC, the Huffington Post, and the Washington Post wonkblog picked it up in depth, and a story in the Sacramento Bee includes a video of Governor Jerry Brown reading quotes from the paper. It was also a lead story in the Stanford Report.

Momentum for a Millionaire’s Tax. Boston Review Magazine. Dec, 2011.  Translated into Hebrew and published in the Israeli business daily, Calcalist.


Model Uncertainty and Robustness:

Empirical results can be very dependent on model specification. How can analysts show model robustness in their research?

Incorporating Model Uncertainty into Social Science Research: A Computational Estimator for Model Robustness. Working Paper. (With Kathy Kroeger.)

This paper develops a new approach to model robustness, implemented in Stata. This do file installs the program, loads in data sets, and runs all the analyses in the paper.

Model Uncertainty in Sociological Research: An Application to Religion and Economic Growth. American Sociological Review. June 2009.


Unemployment and Well-being:

Time as a Network Good: Evidence from Unemployment and the Standard Workweek. Sociological Science. Febuary 2014. (with Chaeyoon Lim)

News summary in the Stanford Report.

Download the replication package (data set and STATA code) for the American Time Use Survey results.

Losing a Job: The Non-Pecuniary Cost of Unemployment in the United States. Social Forces. December 2012.

Blog posts at Washington Monthly and Economist’s View.

Download the replication package (PSID data set and STATA code).

Unemployment Insurance and Job Search Activity: Evidence from Random Audits. Working Paper.  


 History of Economics and Sociology:

The Emergence of Sociology from Political Economy in the United States: 1890 to 1940. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences. Spring, 2009. (Won best graduate student paper award from ASA History of Sociology section.)   Nice orgtheory blog post about this here.

The Politics, Mathematics, and Morality of Economics. Socio-Economic Review. 2005.  


 Other Working papers:

Hospitals in Disneyland: The Problem of Patient Satisfaction in the New Market for Medicine. (with Xinxiang Chen)

Religion and Economic Growth in Western Europe: 1500-2000


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